I have lived, sir, a long time, and the longer I live, the more convincing proofs I see of this truth: that God governs in the affairs of man. And if a sparrow cannot fall to the ground without His notice, is it probable that an empire can rise without His aid? We have been assured, Sir, in the Sacred Writings that except the Lord build the house, they labor in vain that build it.

Benjamin Franklin, June 1787

Bold Hearts



No people can be bound to acknowledge and adore the invisible Hand which conducts the affairs of men more than the people of the United States.  Every step by which they have advanced to the character of an independent nation seems to have been distinguished by some token of providential agency.

  George Washington

    God presides over the destinies of nations.

 Patrick Henry

  ...my confidence will under every difficulty be best placed, next to that which we have all been encouraged to feel in the guardianship and guidance of that Almighty Being whose power regulates the destiny of nations, whose blessings have been so conspicuously dispensed to this rising Republic, and to whom we are bound to address our devout gratitude for the past, as well as our fervent supplications and best hopes for the future. 

James Madison


If we persevere in the career in which we have advanced so far and in the path already traced, we cannot fail under the favor of a gracious Providence, to attain the high destiny which seems to await us......I enter on the trust to which I have been called by the suffrages of my fellow-citizens with my fervent prayers to the Almighty that He will be graciously pleased to continue to us that protection which He has already so conspicuously displayed in our favor

James Monroe

The Christian foundation of America is reflected in the biographies of our founders and in the documents they created when forming a government for the newly independent United States of America.

        From the corruption of the Church of England in the middle ages and the time of the courageous protestors against abuses in the Church to the Renaissance and discovery of America as a refuge, Christianity has in one way or another dominated most aspects of Western culture.

        European explorers to the New Land carried their severely religious heritage with them.  America's beginnings were seeded with a Christian background which grew and incorporated itself with the formation of a new nation as is shown in colonial laws and declarations. 

        As colonists became aware that their best interests were changing, they saw the need for states' independence.  The several states were not religiously neutral in their ethical, educational, legal, or political professions and moral values.  They were distinctly Christian.

Original Thirteen States

Colony/State Year colony founded Founded by
Virginia 1607 London Company
Massachusetts 1620 Puritans
New Hampshire 1623 John Wheelwright
Maryland 1634 Lord Baltimore
Connecticut 1635 Thomas Hooker
Rhode Island 1636 Roger Williams
Delaware 1638 Peter Minuit/New Sweden Company
North Carolina 1653 Virginians
South Carolina 1663 Eight Nobles w/Royal Charter from Charles II
New Jersey 1664 Lord Berkeley & Sir George Carteret
New York 1664 Duke of York
Pennsylvania 1682 William Penn
Georgia 1732 James Edward Oglethorpe

         After we became a nation, new state and federal laws were written; but they were not begun from scratch.  Much of the common law already in the colonies was built upon, not discarded.

        The early settlers developed colonial charters that were decidedly evangelical in their purpose, often expressing a goal for their colony to advance the Christian religion.  As the country progressed up to the revolutionary war period, state constitutions evolved from the charters.  Those state constitutions served to maintain the order already established by the original charters, the charters based on Christianity.

          "I verily believe Christianity necessary to the support of civil society. One of the beautiful boasts of our municipal jurisprudence is that Christianity is a part of the Common Law. . . There never has been a period in which the Common Law did not recognize Christianity as laying its foundations."

  [Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States p. 593]



Connecticut Delaware Georgia Maryland Massachusetts New Hampshire New Jersey New York North Carolina Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina Virginia


Image:Declaration independence.jpg

This is a photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. The original image comprising the work of art itself is in the public domain.


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the U. S. Federal Government under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code.


The greatest motive I had or have for engaging in or for continuing my pursuit of painting has been the wish of commemorating the great events of our country's Revolution.

Jonathan Trumbull


First Amendment Religion Clauses- Signers of the Declaration

Debates in the First Federal Congress Regarding A Religious Amendment to the Constitution

State Constitutions



Let each citizen remember at the moment he is offering his vote that he is not making a present or a compliment to please an individual or at least that he ought not so to do; but that he is executing one of the most solemn trusts in human society for which he is accountable to God and his country.
Samuel Adams, in the Boston Gazette, April 16, 1781



Name State Place of Birth Birth Date Death Date Occupation  
Adams, John Massachusetts Quincy, MA 10/30/1735 7/4/1826 Lawyer  
Adams, Samuel Massachusetts Boston, MA 9/27/1722 10/2/1803 Merchant  
Bartlett, Josiah New Hampshire Amesbury, MA 11/21/1729 5/19/1795 Physician  
Braxton, Carter Virginia Newington, VA 9/10/1736 10/10/1797 Plantation Owner  
Carroll of Carrollton, Charles Maryland Annapolis, MD 9/19/1737 11/14/1832 Merchant/Plantation Owner  
Chase, Samuel Maryland Somerset Co., MD 4/17/1741 6/19/1811 Lawyer  
Clark, Abraham New Jersey Elizabethtown, NJ 2/15/1741 9/15/1794 Lawyer/Surveyor  
Clymer, George Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA 3/16/1739 1/24/1813 Merchant  
Ellery, William Rhode Island Newport, RI 12/22/1727 2/15/1820 Lawyer/Merchant  
Floyd, William New York Brookhaven, NY 12/17/1734 8/4/1821 Land Speculator  
Franklin, Benjamin Pennsylvania Boston, MA 1/17/1706 4/17/1790 Scientist/Printer  
Gerry, Elbridge Massachusetts Marblehead, MA 7/17/1744 11/23/1814 Merchant  
Gwinnett, Button Georgia England 1735 5/15/1777 Merchant/Plantation Owner  
Hall, Lyman Georgia Wallingford, CT 4/12/1724 10/19/1790 Physician/Minister  
Hancock, John Massachusetts Quincy, MA 1/12/1737 10/8/1793 Merchant  
Harrison, Benjamin Virginia Charles City Co., VA 4/7/1726 4/24/1791 Plantation Owner/Farmer  
Hart, John New Jersey Hunterdon Co., NJ 1711 5/11/1779 Land Owner  
Hewes, Joseph North Carolina Kingston, NJ 1/23/1730 10/10/1779 Merchant  
Heyward Jr., Thomas South Carolina St. Helena Parrish, SC 7/28/1746 3/6/1809 Lawyer/Plantation Owner  
Hooper, William North Carolina Boston, MA 6/17/1742 10/14/1790 Lawyer  
Hopkins, Stephen Rhode Island Providence, RI 3/7/1707 4/13/1785 Merchant  
Hopkinson, Francis New Jersey Philadelphia, PA 10/2/1737 5/9/1791 Lawyer/Musician  
Huntington, Samuel Connecticut Windham, CT 7/3/1731 1/5/1796 Lawyer  
Jefferson, Thomas Virginia Albermarle Co., VA 4/13/1743 7/4/1826 Lawyer/Plantation Owner  
Lee, Francis Lightfoot Virginia Mt. Pleasant, VA 10/14/1734 1/11/1797 Plantation Owner  
Lee, Richard Henry Virginia Stratford, VA 1/20/1732 6/19/1794 Plantation Owner/Merchant  
Lewis, Francis New York Wales 3/21/1713 12/30/1802 Merchant  
Livingston, Philip New York Albany, NY 1/15/1716 6/12/1778 Merchant  
Lynch Jr., Thomas South Carolina Prince George's Parrish, SC 8/5/1749 1779 Lawyer  
McKean, Thomas Delaware Chester Co., PA 3/19/1735 6/24/1817 Lawyer  
Middleton, Arthur South Carolina Charleston, SC 6/26/1742 1/1/1787 Plantation Owner  
Morris, Lewis New York West Chester Co., NY 4/8/1726 1/22/1798 Plantation Owner  
Morris, Robert Pennsylvania England 1/31/1734 5/8/1806 Merchant/Land Speculator  
Morton, John Pennsylvania Ridley Township, PA 1724 1777 Farmer  
Nelson Jr., Thomas Virginia Yorktown, VA 12/26/1738 1/4/1789 Merchant/Plantation Owner  
Paca, William Maryland Abington, MD 10/31/1740 10/13/1799 Lawyer/Plantation Owner  
Paine, Robert Treat Massachusetts Boston, MA 3/11/1731 5/12/1814 Lawyer/Scientist  
Penn, John North Carolina Carolina Co., VA 5/6/1740 9/14/1788 Lawyer  
Read, George Delaware Northeast MD 9/18/1733 9/21/1798 Lawyer  
Rodney, Caesar Delaware Dover, DE 10/7/1728 6/29/1784 Plantation Owner/Soldier  
Ross, George Pennsylvania New Castle, DE 5/10/1730 7/14/1779 Lawyer  
Rush, Benjamin Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA 1/4/1746 4/19/1813 Physician  
Rutledge, Edward South Carolina Christ Church Parrish, SC 11/23/1749 1/23/1800 Lawyer/Plantation Owner  
Sherman, Roger Connecticut Newton, MA 4/19/1721 7/23/1793 Lawyer  
Smith, James Pennsylvania Ireland 1719 7/11/1806 Lawyer  
Stockton, Richard New Jersey Princeton, NJ 10/1/1730 2/28/1781 Lawyer  
Stone, Thomas Maryland Charles Co., MD 1743 10/5/1787 Lawyer  
Taylor, George Pennsylvania Ireland 1716 2/23/1781 Merchant  
Thornton, Matthew New Hampshire Ireland 1714 6/24/1803 Physician  
Walton, George Georgia Cumberland Co., VA 1741 2/2/1804 Lawyer  
Whipple, William New Hampshire Kittery, ME 1/14/1730 11/28/1785 Merchant  
Williams, William Connecticut Lebanon, CT 4/18/1731 8/2/1811 Merchant  
Wilson, James Pennsylvania Scotland 9/14/1742 8/21/1798 Lawyer  
Witherspoon, John New Jersey Scotland 2/5/1723 11/15/1794 Minister  
Wolcott, Oliver Connecticut Windsor, CT 11/20/1726 12/1/1797 Lawyer  
Wythe, George Virginia Elizabeth City Co., VA 1726 6/8/1806 Lawyer